Conservative Dentistry is a branch of dentistry which is concerned with conservation of teeth in mouth. Earlier the trend was to randomly extract teeth that were more than a little involved by trauma, caries or infection. But now the aim is to treat, repair and conserve as many teeth as possible. Conservative Dentistry consists of subspecialties of cariology, operative dentistry, cosmetic dentistry and endodontics. Here diseased or fractured teeth are restored with restorative materials that are biologically acceptable and esthetically pleasing.
The department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics has about 34 ultra-modern, state of art, electronic dental units which cater more than 55 patients per day. High tech gadgets like electronic pulp tester, electronic apex locater, digital radiography, high speed rotary instruments, amalgamators etc. are used routinely for diagnosis and treatment. The treatment is carried out under aseptic conditions by using ultrasonic cleaner, autoclave and U.V.chambers.
The department consist of preclinical and clinical section. The preclinical section houses 60 dental units (phantom heads) for training undergraduate students in the pre-clinical subjects. The students are exposed to various aspects of Conservative dentistry theoretically and skills of student are practiced on the simulated patients, before they take on real patients in the IIIrd year.
The clinical program is spread over two years i.e. IIIrd year and final year B.D.S wherein clinical coaching is given .Under the able guidance of experienced teaching staff the treatment is rendered by the students and faculty members. The treatment provided includes Silver amalgam, light cure composite, G.I.C fillings, root canal treatment, smile design, crown work and endodontic surgery.
Continuing education is given high priority with regular participation by student and teaching staff in workshops and conferences. The course enables the students to acquire knowledge of the relevant clinical literature to develop scientific approach to solving problems. The course contains didactic practical and clinical components and taught to high standard. The course will provide a foundation for successful clinical practice or a stepping stone towards an academic career.
DURATION OF COURSE : 3 Years
No. Of MDS Seats (Recognised by DCI) : 06
The specialty of Conservative Dentistry deals with prevention, interception, diagnosis and treatment of disease and injuries of the teeth. Fractured or diseased teeth are restored with restorative materials that are biologically acceptable, aesthetically pleasing and restore the form and function of the stomatognathic system as close as possible.
Endodontics deals with the prevention and treatment of pulp and peri-radicular diseases and this specialty particularly strives to save an infected tooth and maintains its integrity in the oral cavity. The main focus of this department is to preserve the natural dentition and restore it to the best state of the health, function and esthetic and thereby enhancing the general health and welfare of the patient. The Department deals with smile designing which instills positive psychological effects thereby improving patients self image and enhances self esteem and confidence.
The Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics has about 40 ultramodern, state of art, electronic dental chairs which cater to more than 100 patients per day coming from different walks of life. Under the able guidance of the experienced teaching staff, the treatment is rendered by the skillful students and the interns. Hi-tech gadgets like electronic pulp tester, electronic apex locator, digital radiography, laser and high-speed rotary instruments, amalgamators etc. are used routinely for the diagnosis and treatment. The treatment is carried out under total aseptic conditions by using modern “flash” sterilizers and ultra-sonic cleaners. Keeping the motto ”Service to Humanity” and providing the best possible treatment to the patients.
Training - The Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics gives training to Second year BDS students in the pre-clinical laboratory which is equipped with 50 “simulated models”. Students are exposed to various aspects of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics theoretically, practically and the skills of the students are honed on these simulated patients before they take on the real patients in the Third year.
Clinical - The clinical programs spread over 3 years i.e. during Third and Final year of BDS curriculum and Internship program wherein intensive clinical teaching is given consisting of a variety of fillings and root canal treatment and other procedures. There is daily clinical teaching and demonstrations of various procedures to BDS Third year, Final year and Interns to enhanced their knowledge and clinical skills. Students are also given a consultant demonstration of newer gadgets and techniques. Also, they get to see and use the assortments of restorative materials. Apart from the clinical training, the student’s thirst for acquiring knowledge is fulfilled by the department library, internet, museum, charts etc. All the lectures are delivered with excellent audio-video support. Seminars and tutorials are conducted for final year BDS students to improve their vocational qualities.
The Department admits 6 PG students each year. The “Masters” Programme extends to 3 years. During the 1st year, the student has to work on phantom heads to recoup their skills. Stressing on the quality work, all the exercises beginning with simple amalgam fillings to complicated post-core preparations are taught on the phantom heads. More stress is given on allied basic medical and dental sciences. The PG students are also expected to write a Library Thesis which enables them to prepare themselves for Final Thesis. Equipped with their laptops the students are encouraged to present their seminars on the LCD Projector. During this period the students are also trained to deliver lectures to the undergraduates.
During the 2nd and 3rd year the clinical training intensifies, the students have to deal with a variety of simple to complicated cases. They have to try every technique in the book and record their achievements in a log=book. They have to complete their Final thesis work by the end of 2nd year and start preparing for the Final Examination. The examination consists of 4 written papers and 2 –day clinical examination culminating in “Grand Viva-Voce”.